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State Immunization Laws for Healthcare
Workers and Patients

Immunization Administration Requirements
For State: CT

** Click on each result to read the abridged text of the state immunization law.

Patient Type Vaccine Requirement
Hospital Employees  Hepatitis B[1] Offer[50]
  Influenza[2] No 
  MMR[3] No 
  Varicella[4] No 
  Pneumococcal[5] No 
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[6] No 
Hospital Inpatients  Influenza[7] Ensure[51]
  Pneumococcal[8] Ensure[52]
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[9] Yes – (M)[53], (R)[54]
Individual Providers' Patients  Any Immunization[10] No 
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[11] No 
Ambulatory Care Facilities Employees  Any Immunization[12] Offer[55]
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[13] No 
Ambulatory Care Facilities Patients  Any Immunization[14] Ensure[56]
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[15] Yes – (M)[57], (R)[58]
Correctional Inmates and Residents  Any Immunization[16] No 
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[17] No 
Developmentally Disabled Facility Residents  Any Immunization[18] Ensure[59]
  Medical(M),Religious(R), or Philosophical(P) Exemptions[19] Yes – (M)[60], (R)[61]
  []
[1] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer hepatitis B vaccine to any employees of the hospital, or ensure that any such employees are vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine?

[2] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer influenza vaccine to any employees of the hospital, or ensure that any such employees are vaccinated with influenza vaccine?

[3] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine (or any component thereof) to any employees of the hospital, or ensure that any such employees are vaccinated with MMR vaccine?

[4] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer varicella vaccine to any employees of the hospital, or ensure that any such employees are vaccinated with varicella vaccine?

[5] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to any employees of the hospital, or ensure that any such employees are vaccinated with pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine?  Top of Page

[6] If any hospitals are required to ensure that any hospital employees are vaccinated with hepatitis B, influenza, MMR, varicella or pneumococcal vaccine, does the jurisdiction provide any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?

[7] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer any inpatients of the hospital influenza vaccine, or ensure that any inpatients are vaccinated with influenza vaccine?

[8] Does the jurisdiction require that any hospitals offer any inpatients of the hospital pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, or ensure that any inpatients are vaccinated with pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine?

[9] If any hospitals are required to ensure that any hospital inpatients are vaccinated with influenza or pneumococcal vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?  Top of Page

[10] Does the jurisdiction require that any individual healthcare providers offer any vaccinations to any patients, or ensure that any patients are vaccinated with any vaccines?

[11] If any individual providers are required to ensure that any of their patients are vaccinated with any vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?

[12] Does the jurisdiction require that any ambulatory care facilities offer any vaccinations to any employees, or ensure that any employees are vaccinated with any vaccines?

[13] If any ambulatory care facilities are required to ensure that any employees are vaccinated with any vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?  Top of Page

[14] Does the jurisdiction require that any ambulatory care facilities offer any vaccinations to any patients, or ensure that any patients are vaccinated with any vaccines?

[15] If any ambulatory care facilities are required to ensure that any patients are vaccinated with any vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide for any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?

[16] Does the jurisdiction require that any correctional facilities or juvenile detention centers offer any vaccinations to any inmates or juveniles, or ensure that any inmates or juveniles are vaccinated with any vaccines?

[17] If any correctional centers or juvenile detention centers are required to ensure that any inmates or juveniles are vaccinated with any vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide for any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?  Top of Page

[18] Does the jurisdiction require that any residential facilities for the developmentally disabled or mentally retarded offer any residents any vaccinations, or ensure that any residents are vaccinated with any vaccines?

[19] If any residential facilities for the developmentally disabled or mentally retarded are required to ensure that any residents are vaccinated with any vaccines, does the jurisdiction provide for any medical, religious or philosophical exemptions to such administration requirements?

[50] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 31-372-101-1910, relating to all occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens or other potentially infectious materials. Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 31-372-101-1910 adopts by reference Subpart Z of 29 CFR § 1910. Subpart Z requires all employers to make available the hepatitis B vaccine and vaccine series to all employees who have occupational exposure. If the employee initially declines vaccination but changes their mind while still covered under the standard, the employer shall make the hepatitis B vaccine available. If a routine booster dose(s) is recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, the dose(s) shall be made available to the employee free of charge.

[51] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, applying to “short term hospitals” and “long term hospitals.” § 19-31-D8t requires that professional services provided to each patient by the facility shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, immunization against influenza in accordance with the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Note, however, that § 19-31-D8t does not make specific reference to an “ensure” requirement; however, this chart construes § 19-31-D8t as imposing an “ensure” requirement because exemptions exist to the immunization administration requirements of § 19-13-D8t, indicating that administration of the vaccine is mandatory. “Short term hospitals” and “long term hospitals” are defined in § 19-31-D1(b)(1) and (2), and are both covered by this chart’s definition of hospital.  Top of Page

[52] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, applying to “short term hospitals” and “long term hospitals.” § 19-31-D8t requires that professional services provided to each patient by the facility shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, immunization against pneumococcal disease in accordance with the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Note, however, that § 19-31-D8t does not make specific reference to an “ensure” requirement; however, this chart construes § 19-31-D8t as imposing an “ensure” requirement because exemptions exist to the immunization administration requirements of § 19-13-D8t, indicating that administration of the vaccine is mandatory. “Short term hospitals” and “long term hospitals” are defined in § 19-31-D1(b)(1) and (2), and are both covered by this chart’s definition of hospital.

[53] For Connecticut, for medical exemptions to the immunization administration requirements set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, applying to “short term hospitals and long term hospitals.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable if medically contraindicated.

[54] For Connecticut, for religious exemptions to the immunization administration requirements set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, applying to “short term hospitals and long term hospitals.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable if the patient objects on religious grounds.

[55] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 31-372-101-1910, relating to all occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens or other potentially infectious materials. Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 31-372-101-1910 adopts by reference Subpart Z of 29 CFR § 1910. Subpart Z requires all employers to make available the hepatitis B vaccine and vaccine series to all employees who have occupational exposure. If the employee initially declines vaccination but changes their mind while still covered under the standard, the employer shall make the hepatitis B vaccine available. If a routine booster dose(s) is recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, the dose(s) shall be made available to the employee free of charge.  Top of Page

[56] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, relating to “infirmaries” and “industrial health facilities.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t requires the following: (1) tetanus-diphtheria toxoid immunization for patients who have completed the initial series, or the initiation of the initial series for those who have not completed the initial series, shall be performed and results recorded in the patient’s medical record within 20 days after the patient’s admission; and (2) professional services provided to each patient by the facility shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease in accordance with the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Note that Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t does not make specific reference to an “ensure” requirement; however, this chart construes § 19-13-D8t as imposing an “ensure” requirement because exemptions exist to the immunization administration requirements of § 19-13-D8t, indicating that administration of the vaccine is mandatory. “Industrial health facilities” are defined in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D1 as facilities established, conducted, operated or maintained by a commercial or industrial establishment primarily for the ambulatory care of its employees where health services in addition to first aid are provided. “Industrial health facilities” are thereby covered by the chart’s definition of “ambulatory care center.”

[57] For medical exemptions to the immunization administration requirements set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, relating to “industrial health facilities.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable where medically contraindicated.

[58] For religious exemptions to the immunization administration requirements set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, relating to “industrial health facilities.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable where the patient objects on religious grounds.

[59] For Connecticut requirements, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, relating to “residential care homes.” Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t requires the following: (1) tetanus-diphtheria toxoid immunization for patients who have completed the initial series, or the initiation of the initial series for those who have not completed the initial series, shall be performed and results recorded in the patient’s medical record within 20 days after the patient’s admission; and (2) professional services provided to each patient by the facility shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease in accordance with the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Note that Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t does not make specific reference to an “ensure” requirement; however, this chart construes § 19-13-D8t as imposing an “ensure” requirement because exemptions exist to the immunization administration requirements of Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D8t, indicating that administration of the vaccine is mandatory. “Residential care homes” are defined in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-13-D1 as a institution having facilities and all necessary personnel to furnish food, shelter and laundry for two or more persons unrelated to the proprietor and in addition, providing services of a personal nature which do not require the training or skills of a licensed nurse. Additional services of a personal nature may include assistance with bathing, help with dressing, preparation of special diets and supervision over medications which are self-administered.  Top of Page

[60] For medical exemptions to the immunization administration requirements relating to “residential care homes” set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, which provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable where medically contraindicated.

[61] For religious exemptions to the immunization administration requirements relating to “residential care homes” set forth in Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, see Regs., Conn. State Agencies § 19-31-D8t, which provides that requirements for immunizations against influenza and pneumococcal disease are inapplicable where the patient objects on religious grounds.

Disclaimer: The purpose of this database is to provide researchers, policymakers, and state and local public health practitioners with descriptive information concerning state immunization-related law. No part of this legal analysis involves providing legal advice or answering specific questions of law on behalf of any person or organization.

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