Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 -
Contact CDC-INFO


of 14

Page last reviewed: October, 2014

Page last updated: October, 2014

Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of STD Prevention

Self-Study STD Modules for Clinicians
        - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Your Online Source for Credible Health Information

CDC Home

Patient Counseling and Education

Patient counseling and education should cover the nature of the disease, transmission issues, and risk reduction.

Nature of the Disease

         Pelvic inflammatory disease may be asymptomatic or symptomatic.

         A history of having had PID increases the risk for developing PID.

         The potential   of PID are severe and include ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility.

Transmission Issues

         Gonorrhea and chlamydia are efficiently transmitted from males to females via vaginal intercourse.

         Patients and their sex partners should abstain from intercourse until therapy is completed and until they and their sex partners no longer have symptoms.

Risk Reduction

The clinician should:

         Assess the patients behavior-change potential.

         Develop individualized risk-reduction plans with the patient for lasting results.

         Discuss prevention strategies such as abstinence, monogamy with an uninfected partner, use of condoms, and limiting the number of sex partners. Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of chlamydia and gonorrhea.


Test Yourself