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Page last reviewed: October, 2014

Page last updated: October, 2014

Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of STD Prevention

Self-Study STD Modules for Clinicians
        - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

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Partner Management and Public Health Measures

Partner Management

         Male sex partners of a woman with PID should be examined and treated if they had sexual contact with the woman during the 60 days preceding onset of symptoms. If a patients last sexual intercourse was >60 days before onset of symptoms or diagnosis, the patients most recent sex partner should be treated. Such evaluation and treatment are imperative because of the risk for reinfection and the strong likelihood of gonococcal or chlamydial infection in the sex partner.

         Male partners of women who have PID caused by C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae are often asymptomatic.

         Sex partners should be treated empirically with regimens effective against both C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae, regardless of the apparent etiology of PID or pathogens isolated from the infected woman.


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Reporting Requirements

Laws and regulations in all states require that persons with gonorrhea or chlamydia be reported to public health authorities by clinicians, labs, or both. Click here for links to state and local public health departments.


Prevention of chlamydial infection by screening and treating at-risk women reduces the incidence of PID. Chlamydia screening recommendations include annual screening for:

         Sexually active women age 25 and younger

         Sexually active women over age 25 at high risk

         Pregnant women in the first trimester, or at the first prenatal visit if after the first trimester

         Any patient diagnosed with another STD

Screening for and treatment of BV prior to upper reproductive tract invasive or surgical procedures (e.g., abortion or hysterectomy) is a prevention strategy recommended by some experts.

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