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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
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Self-Study STD Module - PID

Patient Counseling and Education

Patient counseling and education should cover the nature of the disease, transmission issues, and risk reduction.

Nature of the Disease

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease may be asymptomatic or symptomatic.
  • A history of having had PID increases the risk for developing PID.
  • The potential sequelae of PID are severe and include ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility.

Transmission Issues

  • Gonorrhea and chlamydia are efficiently transmitted from males to females via vaginal intercourse.
  • Patients and their sex partners should abstain from intercourse until therapy is completed and until they and their sex partners no longer have symptoms.

Risk Reduction

The clinician should:

  • Assess the patient’s behavior-change potential.
  • Develop individualized risk-reduction plans with the patient for lasting results.
  • Discuss prevention strategies such as abstinence, monogamy with an uninfected partner, use of condoms, and limiting the number of sex partners. Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of chlamydia and gonorrhea.

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Page last modified: June 3, 2009
Page last reviewed: June 3, 2009

Content Source: Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

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