J Agric Saf Health 2010 Nov; 16(4):279-291
In order to provide injury surveillance for youth on farms in the U.S., the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), in partnership with the USDA, developed the Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS). CAIS data for all youth less than 20 years of age on farms have been collected for the calendar years of 1998, 2001, 2004, and 2006. CAIS data from 2006 indicated that an estimated 30.7 million youth lived on, worked on, or visited U.S. farms. These youth experienced almost 23,000 injuries while on the farm. The majority of these injuries occurred to males (15,223) and youth between the ages of 10 and 15 years (10,158). Approximately 25% (5,773) of the injuries were related to work being done on the farm. Youth living on the farm incurred 51% (11,654) of the injuries, hired youth sustained 6% (1,363), and 40% were to visiting youth (9,729). Although youth injuries on farms have declined by 30% since 1998, the numbers are still unacceptably high. Further in-depth evaluation of subsets of the youth population may serve to better direct safety intervention programs and research.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Age-factors; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Agriculture; Children; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Farmers; Mathematical-models; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Statistical-analysis;
Author Keywords: Agriculture; Injury; Youth
Kitty J. Hendricks, Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, M/S 1808, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Morgantown, WV 26505
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health