Arch Environ Occup Health 2009 Jun; 64(2):107-114
Restaurants are an important source of employment for immigrants in the United States. This article discusses the findings from an ethnographic study on Chinese immigrant restaurant workers' occupational injury and illness experiences. Eighteen participants were interviewed; 10 of whom attended follow-up focus groups. The author used ethnographic content analysis to analyze the data. On-the-job cuts and burns were the most common injuries. Musculoskeletal disorders, or specifically aches and pains, soreness, or numbness were the most troubling occupational illnesses. The author identified three cultural concepts pertinent to the causes of occupational illnesses during data analysis. Participants used multiple methods to heal their injuries and illnesses and to keep themselves safe and healthy. Implications for cultural competence in US occupational safety and health research and practice and elimination of health disparities in immigrant workers conclude the article.
Biological-effects; Environmental-physiology; Environmental-stress; Health-hazards; Health-protection; Health-surveys; Injury-prevention; Muscle-physiology; Muscle-stress; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-sociology; Physical-stress; Psychological-adaptation; Psychological-factors; Racial-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Skeletal-stress; Skeletal-system-disorders; Sociological-factors; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: Chinese immigrants; cultural competence; ethnographic content analysis; health disparities in immigrant workers; occupational injuries and illnesses; restaurant workers
Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai, PhD, ARNP, Department of Psychosocial and Community Health, School of Nursing, University of Washington, Box 357263, Seattle, WA 98195
Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
University of Washington School of Nursing