The Aging Farm Community: Using Current Health and Safety Status to Map Future Action, March 6-8, 2007, Indianapolis, Indiana. Urbana, IL: Agricultural Safety & Health Network (ASHNET), 2007 Mar; :1-62
Farmers and farm workers over the age of 54 years have been identified as a high risk group for farm fatalities since the 1980ís. In addition, the severity of non-fatal injuries has been shown to be higher for these older farm workers. Data from two national data systems are presented to better define both fatal and non-fatal injuries occurring to these older workers: the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), maintained by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture (OISPA) survey, conducted for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. CFOI data show that farm workers over the age of 54 accounted for over half of all farming deaths between 1992 and 1994 (3,671 of 7,064 deaths), and had a fatality rate of 45.8 deaths per 100,000 workers compared to the overall farming fatality rate of 25.5 deaths per 100,000 workers. Leading causes of death were "tractors" (46%), "trucks" (7%), and "animals" (6%). OISPA estimates that farmers and farm workers over the age of 54 accounted for 26,600 lost-time injuries annually between 2001 and 2004, with an annual injury rate of 4.5 lost-time injuries per 100 workers. "Contact with objects" (35%) and "falls" (30%) were the most common type of injury event; "structures and surfaces" (29%) and "animals" (22%) were the most common source of injury.