Kimerling-ME; McRill-C; Goldenson-J; Kawamura-LM; Lewis-J; Curry-FJ; Peterson-Tulsky-J; Castle White-M; Kanan-R; Gallagher-M; Khoshnood-K; Brown-P; Wildes-T; Murray-E; Carver-J; Lucas-R; Parsons-S; Puisis-M; Harrison-E; McAuley-J; Muse-M; Shansky-R; Bur-S; Lawson-C; Roberts-C; Hammett-T; Tripoli-L; Brown-K; Greifinger-RB; Ferry-D; Pavelchak-N; Napolitano-EC; Kelley-M; Garrett-T; Dinger-M; Gritch-T; Hanton-L; Kendig-N; Moses-M; Newman-S; Peredo-Berger-L; Schneider-D; Olive-D; Woerle-S; Cruise-P; Gibson-J; Iademarco-MF; Jensen-P; Lobato-M; LoBue-P; McCoy-S; Parvez-F; Wilce-M; Martin-S-Jr; Coffey-C
Tuberculosis (TB) control can be particularly problematic in correctional and detention facilities, in which persons from diverse backgrounds and communities are housed in close proximity for varying periods. This report provides a framework and general guidelines for effective prevention and control of TB in jails, prisons, and other correctional and detention facilities. Recommendations were developed on the basis of published guidelines and a review of the scientific literature. Effective TB-prevention and -control measures in correctional facilities include early identification of persons with TB disease through entry and periodic follow-up screening; successful treatment of TB disease and latent TB infection; appropriate use of airborne precautions (e.g., airborne infection isolation, environmental controls, and respiratory protection); comprehensive discharge planning; and thorough and efficient contact investigation. These measures should be instituted in close collaboration with local or state health department TB-control programs and other key partners. Continuing education of inmates, detainees, and correctional facility staff is necessary to maximize cooperation and participation. To ensure TB-prevention and -control measures are effective, periodic program evaluation should be conducted.