Kardous-CA; Franks-JR; Davis-RR
Noise Control Eng J 2005 Mar-Apr; 53(2):53-60
In 2003 May, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the National Hearing Conservation Association (NHCA) co-sponsored a Best-Practices Workshop on Impulsive Noise and Its Effects on Hearing. The Workshop brought together leading international experts from labor, industry, and government to: (1) provide an overview of the current state of knowledge on the effects of impulsive sounds on the human auditory system; (2) develop strategies for measuring and evaluating impulsive sounds; and (3) identify specific priorities for. future research. Five key needs were identified: (1) instruments and standards for measurement and evaluation of impulsive sounds; (2) international consensus on descriptors for impulsive sounds and procedures for applying results from tests on animals to models for the effect of impulsive sounds on hearing impairment of humans; (3) international consensus on procedures to evaluate the effectiveness of hearing-protection devices and of engineering noise-controls to reduce hearing impairment caused by impulsive sounds; (4) understanding of hearing impairment resulting from occupational and non-occupational exposure to impulsive sounds; and (5) international consensus agreement on a damage-risk criterion for impulsive sounds. (c) 2005 Institute of Noise Control Engineering.
Noise; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-exposure; Noise-levels; Hearing; Hearing-loss; Auditory-system; Impulse-noise; Animals; Animal-studies; Models; Humans; Hearing-impairment; Hearing-protection; Engineering-controls; Noise-control; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards