Rautiainen-RH; Lange-JL; Hodne-CJ; Schneiders-S; Donham-KJ
J Agric Saf Health 2004 Jan; 10(1):51-63
The aims of this article are to assess injury characteristics and risk factors in the Iowa Certified Safe Farm (CSF) program and to evaluate the effectiveness of CSF for reducing injuries. This intervention program includes a health screening, on-farm safety review, education, and monetary incentives. Cohorts of farmers in an intervention group (n = 152) and control group (n = 164) in northwestern Iowa were followed for a three-year period. During the follow-up, there were 318 injuries (42/100 person-years), of which 112 (15/100 person-years) required professional medical care. The monetary cost of injuries was $51,764 ($68 per farm per year). There were no differences in the self-reported injury rates and costs between the intervention and control groups. Raising livestock, poor general health, and exposures to dust and gas, noise, chemicals and pesticides, and lifting were among risk factors for injury. Most injuries in this study were related to animals, falls from elevation, slips/trips/falls, being struck by or struck against objects, lifting, and overexertion. Machinery was less prominent than generally reported in the literature. Hurry, fatigue, or stress were mentioned as the primary contributing factor in most injuries. These findings illustrate the need for new interventions to address a multitude of hazards in the farm work environment as well as management and organization of farm work.
Farmers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Injuries; Occupational-health; Demographic-characteristics; Questionnaires; Education
Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health, University of Iowa, 103 IREH, Oakdale Campus, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, USA
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
University of Iowa, College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa