Ground and aerial applications of insecticides are used to control populations of adult mosquitoes, which spread such diseases as West Nile virus-related illness, eastern equine encephalitis, and dengue fever. This report summarizes investigations of illnesses associated with exposures to insecticides used during 1999-2002 to control mosquito populations in nine states (Arizona, California, Florida, Louisiana, Michigan, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington) (estimated 2000 population: 118 million). The findings indicate that application of certain insecticides posed a low risk for acute, temporary health effects among persons in areas that were sprayed and among workers handling and applying insecticides. To reduce the risk for negative health effects, public health authorities should 1) provide public notice of application times and locations and appropriate advice about preventing exposures, 2) ensure that insecticide handlers and applicators meet state-mandated training and experience requirements to prevent insecticide exposure to themselves and the public, and 3) implement integrated pest management control strategies that emphasize mosquito larval control, reduction of mosquito breeding sites, and judicious use of insecticides to control adult mosquito populations.
Surveillance-programs; Insecticides; Insects; Insecticide-poisoning; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-control; Viral-diseases; Viral-infections; Region-10; Region-2; Region-4; Region-5; Region-6; Region-9; Pest-control; Sprays; Organo-phosphorus-compounds; Biological-effects; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Neurotoxic-effects; Neurological-diseases; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Urogenital-system-disorders; Renal-toxicity; Kidney-disorders