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NIOSH - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Organization of Work
Measurement Tools for Research and Practice

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Work Organization

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Content Area(s)

  • Benefits and compensation systems
  • Career trajectory / ladder
  • Job demands (or expectations)
  • Job (in)security

Instrument Type


Occupation and Sector Specificity

Occupation(s):    Generic
Sector(s):    Generic

Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures

MeasureSize (# items)
Effort 6
Esteem (reward sub-scale) 5
Job promotion / salary (reward sub-scale) 4
Job security (reward sub-scale) 2

Other Content Areas Included in the Instrument

Type or Name of Measure   Number of
Overcommitment (6-items) 1

Developmental Status of the Instrument

Instrument used widely; well-defined properties


Original:    German
Other:     Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finish, French, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish.

Reliability and Validity Information (or Relevant Citation)

Siegrist J, Starke D, Chandola T, Godin I, Marmot M, Neidhammer, Peter R (2004) The measurement of effort-reward imbalance at work: European comparisons. Social Science & Medicine, 58:1483-1499.

Selected Reference

Tsutsumi A and Kawakami N (2004) A review of empirical studies on the model of effort-reward imbalance at work: reducing occupational stress by implementing a new theory. Social Science & Medicine, 59:2335-2359.
Accessibility of the Instrument
Registration Required
  User Fees

Where to Obtain a Copy of the Instrument

Send an e-mail to Johannes Siegrist at
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