Organization of Work
Psychological Empowerment at Work Scale
Occupation and Sector Specificity
Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures
Other Content Areas Included in the Instrument
Developmental Status of the Instrument
Instrument used widely; well-defined properties
Reliability and Validity Information (or Relevant Citation)
Spreitzer GM, McMcall MW & Mahoney JD (1997). Early identification of international executive potential. Journal of Applied Psychology, 28:6-29.
Liden RC, Wayne SJ, Sparrowe RT (2000) An examination of the mediating role of psychological empowerment on the relations between the job, interpersonal relationships, and work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 407-416.
Where to Obtain a Copy of the Instrument
The instrument can be obtained in print at Spreitzer GM (1995) Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38: 1442-1465, or online at http://webuser.bus.umich.edu/spreitze/empowermentinstrument.pdf.