Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD)
Selected pneumoconiotic agents: Geometric mean exposures and percent exceeding designated occupational exposure limits, MSHA and OSHA samples, 1979-1999
- indicates incalcuable field
PEL - permissible exposure limitREL - recommended exposure limitGM - geometric mean
Note: Pneumoconiotic agents with at least 300 total samples in MSHA or OSHA are presented. From March 1, 1989 to March 22, 1993, the OSHA PELs in force differed from those employed before and after those dates. NIOSH has designated beryllium and titanium dioxide as potential occupational carcinogens, and recommends reducing exposures to as low as feasible. The % > REL cannot be calculated for talc because the REL is in units of mg/m3, but MSHA samples and analyzes for talc using units of millions of particles per cubic foot (mppcf). For welding fumes - OSHA, the % > PEL is based on fewer samples than the number reported for the years 1989 and 1993 because OSHA adopted a PEL for welding fumes that was enforced from March 1, 1989 through March 22, 1993. Samples collected in 1989 before March 1, or in 1993 after March 23 are not compared to a PEL. See appendices for source description, methods, and agents.
Source: Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) metal/nonmetal mine data. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Integrated Management Information System.
Reference Number: 2002T05-11
Date Posted: May 2003
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
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